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Richard DE CLARE, 3rd Earl of Hertford

Male 1153 - 1217  (64 years)

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  • Name Richard DE CLARE 
    Suffix 3rd Earl of Hertford 
    Born 1153 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1217 
    • Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford (c.?1153?1217), Anglo-Norman nobleman and Welsh baron.

      Richard was the son of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford and Maud, daughter of James de St. Hillary.[1] More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the majority of the Giffard estates from his ancestor, Rohese.[2] He was present at the coronations of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homage of King William of Scotland as English Earl of Huntingdon at Lincoln.

      He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160?1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont. Sometime before 1198, Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.[citation needed]

      Magna Carta
      He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five sureties. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. His own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.[citation needed]

      Richard and Amice had children:

      Gilbert de Clare (ca. 1180 ? 25 October 1230), 4th Earl of Hertford and 5th Earl of Gloucester, (or 1st Earl of Gloucester of new creation). Married in 1217 Isabel Marshal.
      Maud (Matilda) de Clare (ca. 1184?1213), married in 1206,[citation needed] Sir William de Braose, son of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery.
      Richard de Clare (ca. 1184 ? 4 Mar 1228, London)
    Person ID I672075680  Johnson & Hanson
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 

    Father Roger DE CLARE, 2nd Earl of Hertford,   b. 1116,   d. 1173  (Age 57 years) 
    Mother Maud DE SAINT HILLARY 
    Family ID F565995869  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Amice FITZWILLIAM, th Countess of Gloucester,   b. 1160,   d. 1220  (Age 60 years) 
    +1. Gilbert DE CLARE, 5th Earl of Gloucester,   b. 1180,   d. 25 Oct 1230  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 
    Family ID F565995868  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart