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Isabel MARSHAL

Female 1200 - 1240  (39 years)


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  • Name Isabel MARSHAL 
    Born 9 Oct 1200 
    Gender Female 
    Died 17 Jan 1240 
    Notes 
    • Isabel Marshal (9 October 1200 ? 17 January 1240) was a medieval English countess. She was the wife of both Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford and 5th Earl of Gloucester and Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall (son of King John of England). With the former, she was a great grandparent of King Robert the Bruce of Scotland.

      Born at Pembroke Castle, Isabel was the seventh child, and second daughter, of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare. She had 10 siblings, who included the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Earls of Pembroke; each of her brothers dying without a legitimate male heir, thus passing the title on to the next brother in line. Her last brother to hold the title of Earl of Pembroke died without legitimate issue, and the title was passed down through the family of Isabel's younger sister Joan. Her sisters married, respectively, the Earls of Norfolk, Surrey, and Derby; the Lord of Abergavenny and the Lord of Swanscombe.

      FIRST MARRIAGE
      On her 17th birthday, Isabel was married to Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford and 5th Earl of Gloucester, who was 20 years her senior, at Tewkesbury Abbey. The marriage was an extremely happy one, despite the age difference, and the couple had six children:

      Agnes de Clare (b. 1218)
      Amice de Clare (1220?1287), who married the 6th Earl of Devon
      Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (1222?1262)
      Isabel de Clare (2 November 1226? 10 July 1264), who married the 5th Lord of Annandale; through this daughter, Isabel would be the great grandmother of Robert the Bruce
      William de Clare (1228?1258)
      Gilbert de Clare (b. 1229), a priest

      Isabel's husband Gilbert joined in an expedition to Brittany in 1229, but died 25 October 1230 on his way back to Penrose, in that duchy. His body was conveyed home by way of Plymouth and Cranborne, to Tewkesbury, where he was buried at the abbey.

      SECOND MARRIAGE
      Isabel was a young widow, only 30 years old. She had proven childbearing ability and the ability to bear healthy sons; as evidenced by her six young children, three of whom were sons. These were most likely the reasons for both the proposal of marriage from Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, and Isabel's acceptance of it, despite the fact that her husband had just died five months previously. The two were married on 30 March 1231 at Fawley Church, much to the displeasure of Richard's brother King Henry, who had been arranging a more advantageous match for Richard. Isabel and Richard got along well enough, though Richard had a reputation as a womanizer and is known to have had mistresses during the marriage. They were the parents of four children, three of whom died in the cradle.

      John of Cornwall (31 January 1232 ? 22 September 1233), born and died at Marlow, Buckinghamshire, buried at Reading Abbey
      Isabella of Cornwall (9 September 1233 ? 10 October 1234), born and died at Marlow, Buckinghamshire, buried at Reading Abbey
      Henry of Almain (2 November 1235 ? 13 March 1271), murdered by his cousins Guy and Simon de Montfort, buried at Hailes Abbey.
      Nicholas of Cornwall (b. & d. 17 January 1240 Berkhamsted Castle), died shortly after birth, buried at Beaulieu Abbey with his mother

      DEATH AND BURIAL
      Isabel died of liver failure, contracted while in childbirth, on 17 January 1240, at Berkhamsted Castle. She was 39 years old.

      When Isabel was dying she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury Abbey, but Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey, with her infant son, instead. As a pious gesture, however, he sent her heart, in a silver-gilt casket,[1] to Tewkesbury.
    Person ID I672075676  Johnson & Hanson
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 

    Father William MARSHAL, 1st Earl of Pembroke 
    Mother Isabel DE CLARE, 3rd Countess of Pembroke 
    Family ID F565995867  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Gilbert DE CLARE, 5th Earl of Gloucester,   b. 1180,   d. 25 Oct 1230  (Age 50 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Richard DE CLARE, 6th Earl of Gloucester,   b. 4 Aug 1222,   d. 14 Jul 1262, Waltham, Canterbury, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 
    Family ID F565995865  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall 
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 
    Family ID F565995866  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart