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Councilor Colonel Henry DUKE, Esqr.[1]

Male 1642 - 1714  (71 years)


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  • Name Henry DUKE 
    Title Councilor 
    Prefix Colonel 
    Suffix Esqr. 
    Born 8 Jul 1642  James City, VA, USA or ENGLAND Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 9 Mar 1714  James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Notes 
    • Henry Duke, the Virginia descendant of the branch of the Duke family of Suffolk County England, which comprises the first section of our genealogical record, emigrated from England first to Bermuda and then to York County, VA and later moved to James City County.

      The first mention of his name in the records of that county is in 1680 when he is listed as one of the justices of James City County and in 1699 he was commissioned as sheriff. A list of VA military officers for 1698 in James City County shows Capt. Henry Duke with 77 men under Col. Daniel Parke.

      On July 25, 1690 (as Capt. Henry Duke), he was appointed by Gov. Francis Nicholson to solicit subscriptions for building a college and free school in the colony (WILLIAM AND MARY QUARTERLY, VOL VII, Pg. 160).

      He was a member of the House of Burgesses representing James Citycounty from 1692 to 1699 and in 1702, he was appointed a member of the Royal Council of the colony by Queen Anne and later designated as Judge of the Admiralty Court. As a member of the Royal Council he sat in judgment at the trial of Grace Sherwood, accused of being a witch (VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. III, pg. 400).

      He and his son, Henry Duke, Jr. were examiners of the will of Col. William Byrd, Sr., and made certificate at "Westopher," Charles City County, VA, on Jan 12, 1704/5, and he was appointed by the Council to examine the accounts of William Byrd I as Auditor General of the Colony at his death.

      Stillwater Library has a book on Descendants of Col. Henry Duke of James City County, VA:

    • Note from Pam Wilson (curator and descendant):

      HENRY DUKE was born 1640-1645 in Jamestown, Virginia, and died March 09, 1714 in Virginia.

      He was by most reports the son of Thomas Duke (1616-1665), immigrant to Nansemond Co, Virginia from Kent, England. There seems to be great confusion as to whether his mother was Mary Barham, Mary Hampton or Marcella Herbert. Still looking for a definitive and well-documented source. However, other family trees claim different ancestries. One says, "Henry Duke, the Virginia descendant of the branch of the Duke family of Suffolk County England, which comprises the first section of our genealogical record, emigrated from England first to Bermuda and then to York County, VA and later removed to James City County."

      He married ELIZABETH SLOANE c.1665 in Virginia. She was born c.1642.

      In 1670 he was living in James City Co., VA. on land he bought of William Manning adjoining the land of his mother.
      The first mention of his name in the records of that county is in 1680 when he is listed as one of the justices of James City County.
      On July 25, 1690 (as Captain Henry Duke), he was appointed by Gov. Francis Nicholson to solicit subscriptions for building a college and free school in the colony (WILLIAM AND MARY QUARTERLY, VOL VII, Pg. 160) and was appointed commissioner
      He received a 1000 acre patent on Oct 23, 1690 on the south side of Chickahominy River.
      He was a member of the House of Burgesses representing James City/County from 1692 to 1699.
      He was also granted a patent Nov. 2, 1693 for land on Timber Swamp.
      In 1694 Henry was a member of the House of Burgess and very wealthy.
      A list of Virginia military officers for 1698 in James City, County shows Capt. Henry Duke with 77 men under Col. Daniel Parke.
      in 1699 he was commissioned as sheriff of James City County
      Beginning in 1699 he appears as Colonel instead of Captain. Because of his wealth, property ownership and activity in promoting government and social projects, he was given the title Colonel.
      In April of 1699 he was one of the Burgesses appointed on a joint committee to revise the seven whole body of laws of His Majesties Colony and Dominion (Hennings Statutes at Large, Vol. 3, p. 181).
      Henry Duke, of James City County, Virginia was a member of the Royal Council at Williamsburg under appointment of Queen Anne, of England, in 1702, which office he held until his death in 1714.
      At a court "at St. James this 21st day of May, 1702, in the 1st year of Our Reign" Queen Anne of Great Britain being "well satisfied of the Loyaltie, Integrity and Ability of Our Trusty and Well beloved Henry Duke, Esqr." appointed him a member of "Our Council of Our Colony and Dominion of Virginia." Esquire was a coveted designation, a title of office and courtesy which was usually reserved for high officials of the colony.
      Later designated as Judge of the Admiralty Court.
      As a member of the Royal Council he sat in judgment at the trial of Grace Sherwood, accused of being a witch (VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. III, pg. 400).
      He and his son, Henry Duke, Jr. were examiners of the will of Col. William Byrd, Sr., and made certificate at "Westopher," Charles City County, VA, on Jan 12, 1704/5, and he was appointed by the Council to examine the accounts of William Byrd I as Auditor General of the Colony at his death.
      Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704 lists Henry Duke Esq of New Kent Co. with 325 acres; Henry Duke Esq, New Kent Co. with 170 ac, Henry Duke Edq of James City Co, with 2986 acres, and Henry Duke, Jr. of James City Co, with 1,000 acres, and Henry Duke of York Co with 25 acres John Duke of Nansemond Co with 113 acres.
      Henry Duke: His Descendants and Connections in Stillwater Library thinks that Sir Edward Duke is Henry's child along with 28 other children.

      Henry Duke,Esq & Elizabeth Soane had the following children:

      1) Thomas Duke;

      2) Henry Duke born about 1666 married Elizabeth Taylor;

      3) James Duke born 1675 married Mary Byrd;

      4) Edmund Duke;

      5) Elizabeth Duke born 1674 who married 1. James Mason 2. Ethelred Taylor;

      6) Marston Duke.

      [The following seems to need to go with a different profile:

      William Duke disposed of his property in Brunswick County, Virginia in 1742 and with his wife and his son Samuel and his wife went to North Carolina where he was granted 300 acres in Edgecombe County (Granville County in 1746), where he was later joined by his other sons who also received grants of land. He died in 1773 or soon thereafter.

      His parents dying when he was a small lad, and the estate passed, according to English law and custom, to his oldest brother, William Duke was left poor and brought to Virginia by his relative Col. William Byrd, of Westover on James River who reared him and gave him the rudiments of a good business education and better than all taught him to work ]

      SOURCES

      http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/r/i/d/Brian-P-Ridgell/BOOK-0001/0017-0001.html
      the book, "The Heritage of Cleburne Co., Alabama"
      http://www.geocities.com/WallStreet/Market/4071/Duke.html
      Stillwater Library has a book on Descendants of Col. Henry Duke of James City County, VA:
      WILLIAM AND MARY QUARTERLY, VOL VII, Pg. 160.

      Henry was awarded the title of Col. Henry Duke, Esqr. in or near 1690. There are many transactions of his recorded in Virginia. Clearly he was a man of wealth and influence. He and his son's wife's father, Col. William Byrd, Esqr. both served in the Council of Virginia for many years. Col. Henry Duke and Col. William Byrd are among the founders in 1693 of "The College of William & Mary" (named after King William and Queen mary of England)
    Person ID I3716  Johnson & Hanson
    Last Modified 13 May 2018 

    Father Thomas DUKE, , Sr.,   b. Between 1616 and 1620, Aylesford, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1682, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Mother Mary BARHAM,   b. Abt 1620, St.Paul, Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1683, James City, Isle of Wight Co. VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Married Abt 1637  Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1305  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth SOANE,   b. 1645, Litlington, East Sussex Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1724, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married Abt 1658  James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Henry DUKE, Capt.,   b. 1658, LIKELY SON, Martins Brandon, Charles City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jan 1717/1718, Charles City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
    +2. James DUKE, , Honorable,   b. 1677, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1751, Charles City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     3. John DUKE,   b. 1668, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Thomas DUKE,   b. 1672, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    +5. Elizabeth Mason DUKE,   b. 1673, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1716, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
     6. Edmond DUKE,   b. 1676, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    +7. Henry DUKE,   b. 1678, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1720, Prince George, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)
     8. Marston DUKE,   b. 1680, James City, VA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 13 May 2018 
    Family ID F1234  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Histories
    Col Henry Duke Esqr - Virginia military officer and member of the House of Burgesses
    Col Henry Duke Esqr - Virginia military officer and member of the House of Burgesses

  • Sources 
    1. [S33] OneWorldTreeSM.