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1901 William Byrd III, (1728 - 1777) was the son of William Byrd II and the grandson of William Byrd I. He was born on December 15, 1752. He inherited his family land and continued his family's prestige as a member of the Viriginia House of Burgesses but chose to fight in the French and Indian War rather than spend much time in Richmond.

William Byrd III was a notorious gambler, and he initiated in what is said to be the first major horse race in the New World, involving Samuel Ogle, John Tayloe II, Francis Thornton, and Benjamin Tasker, Jr.

Byrd III eventually fathered five children by his first wife, moved to Annapolis, and fathered ten more by his second wife, Mary Willing Byrd. After he squandered the Byrd fortune on gambling and bad investments,

Byrd III parceled up the family estate and sold lots off in a 1768 lottery.

Byrd III eventually committed suicide and died on January 1, 1777. 
BYRD, William III (I9002)
1902 William Cherry [C1a8p3], son of Willis W Cherry and Sarah _____ of Duplin Co NC, was born between 1776 and 1780 in Duplin Co.

He was living in Duplin Co in 1810 and 1820 with his wife and their children. The next door neighbor in 1810 was Elijah Bizzell, with Will's brother Lemuel Cherry just four doors on the other side of William.

Will's three children in 1810 were under the age of 10. In 1820 they were between the ages of 15 and infancy, with five of them under the age of ten.

Therefore it would appear that since the two oldest girls were between 10 and 15 in 1820, Will's marriage date would have been about 1805. It was not in Duplin Co. He was not in Duplin Co in 1830. His children were-
a. dau Cherry, b 1805-1810
b. dau Cherry, b 1805-1810
c. Bryan Cherry, b 1801-1810
d. son Cherry, b 1811-1820
e. dau Cherry, b 1811-1820
f. son Cherry, b 1811-1820
g. son Cherry, b 1811-1820 (68,DK,35aehip)

Source: Cherry Biographies by John Young
CHERRY, William Samuel (I41066)
1903 William de Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (c. 1176 – March 7, 1226) was an English noble, primarily remembered for his command of the English forces at the Battle of Damme and for remaining loyal to King John.

He was an illegitimate son of Henry II of England. His mother was unknown for many years, until the discovery of a charter of William mentioning "Comitissa Ida, mater mea" (see Cartulary of Bradenstoke Priory, 1979) [1]. This Ida was further identified as the wife of Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk[2].

King Henry acknowledged William as his son and gave him the Honour of Appleby, Lincolnshire in 1188. Ten years later, his half-brother, King Richard I, married him to a great heiress, Ela, countess of Salisbury in her own right, and daughter of William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.

During the reign of King John, Salisbury was at court on several important ceremonial occasions, and held various offices: sheriff of Wiltshire, lieutenant of Gascony, constable of Dover and warden of the Cinque Ports, and later warden of the Welsh Marches. He was a commander in the king's Welsh and Irish expeditions of 1210-1212. The king also granted him the honor of Eye.

In 1213, Salisbury led a large fleet to Flanders, where he seized or destroyed a good part of a French invasion fleet anchored at or near Damme. This ended the invasion threat but not the conflicts between England and France. In 1214, Salisbury was sent to help Otto IV of Germany, an English ally, who was invading France. Salisbury commanded the right wing of the army at their disastrous defeat at the Battle of Bouvines, where he was captured.

By the time he returned to England, revolt was brewing amongst the barons. Salisbury was one of the few who remained loyal to John. In the civil war that took place the year after the signing of the Magna Carta, Salisbury was one of the leaders of the king's army in the south. However, after the French prince Louis (later Louis VIII) landed as an ally of the rebels, Salisbury went over to his side. Presumably, he thought John's cause was lost.

After John's death and the departure of Louis, Salisbury, along with many other barons, joined the cause of John's young son, now Henry III of England. He held an influential place in the government during the king's minority and fought in Gascony to help secure the remaining part of the English continental possessions. Salisbury's ship was nearly lost in a storm while returning to England in 1225, and he spent some months in refuge at a monastery on the French island of Ré. He died not long after his return to England. Roger of Wendover alleged that he was poisoned by Hubert de Burgh. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

William de Longespee's tomb was opened in 1791. Bizarrely, the well-preserved corpse of a rat which carried traces of arsenic[3], was found inside his skull. The rat is now on display in a case at the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum.

[edit] Family
By his wife Ela, countess of Salisbury, he had four sons and four daughters[4]

William II Longespée (1212?-1250), who was sometimes called Earl of Salisbury but was never formally given the title, for reasons that remain unclear;
Richard, a canon of Salisbury;
Stephen (d. 1260), who was seneschal of Gascony;
Nicholas (d. 1297), bishop of Salisbury
Isabella, who married William de Vesey
Petronilla, died unmarried
Ella de Longespée, who first married Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick, and then married Philip Basset
Ida, who first married Ralph de Somery, and then William de Beauchamp  
DE LONGESPEE, William 3rd Earl of Salisbury (I40656)
1904 WILLIAM de MOLINES (de FALAISE), d 1100, in 1086 held Barony of Darlingon and 29 Lordships, m dau of SERLO de Burcy

SIBYL his co-heir, m BALDWIN de BOULERS, Lord of Montgomery (see under Boulers for descendants)

Another dau & co-heir was ancestor of the Moleyns (see under Moleyns for descendants) 
DE FALAISE, William (Guillaume) II (I40868)
1905 William Duff sold William (V)'s 400 acres to Robert Green, Gent., Mar 1743 [297]; not mentioned in grandmother?s Will, Oct 1746 [27] RUSH, William V (I11392)
1906 William Henry Fishwick Singleton was born in 1523 in Preston, Lancashire, England, his father, Sir, was 28 and his mother, Sarah, was 23. He married Mary Anne Brockholes in 1550 in Garstang, Lancashire, England. They had three children during their marriage. He died as a young father on August 20, 1556, in his hometown.
Children ;
John Singleton
William Singleton
Robert Singleton
Spouse ;
Mary Anne Brockholes
Parents ;
Sir Robert Singleton
Sarah Ann Mnuk 
SINGLETON, William Henry Fishwick III (I11656)
1907 William Howard
1st B. Howard of Effingham

Born: ABT 1510
Acceded: 11 Mar 1553
Died: 21 Jan 1572/3, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, England
Buried: 29 Jan 1572/3, Reigate Church

Notes: Knight of the Garter. The Complete Peerage vol.V,pp.9-10. The Complete Peerage does not show the children.

Father: Thomas HOWARD (2º D. Norfolk)
Mother: Agnes TILNEY (D. Norfolk)

Married 1: Catherine BROUGHTON (d. 23 Apr 1535 - bur. Lambeth) (dau. of John Broughton and Anne Sapcote) BEF 18 Jun 1531
1. Agnes (Anne) HOWARD (M. Winchester)

Married 2: Margaret GAMAGE (B. Howard of Effingham) (b. ABT 1515 - d. 1 May 1581 - bur. 18 May 1581, Reigate) (dau. of Sir Thomas Gamage and Margaret St. John) BEF 1536

2. Douglas HOWARD (B. Sheffield of Butterwick)

3. Charles HOWARD (1° E. Nottingham)

4. William HOWARD of Lingfield (Sir)

5. Frances HOWARD (C. Hertford)

6. Martha HOWARD

7. Henry HOWARD

8. Edward HOWARD (b. ABT 1550 - d. 15 Apr 1554)

9. Mary HOWARD (B. Sutton of Dudley)

10. Catherine HOWARD (Maid of Honour) (d. 22 Sep 1598)

11. Margaret HOWARD

12. Thomas HOWARD (b. ABT 1561 - d. 1600)

13. Dorothy HOWARD (b. ABT 1558)

14. Anne HOWARD (b. ABT 1560)

15. Elizabeth HOWARD(b. ABT 1562)

16. Richard HOWARD (b. ABT 1564)

HOWARD, Sir William 1st Barron of Effingham (I671953448)
1908 William I Longsword (French: Guillaume Longue-Épée, Latin: Willermus Longa Spata, Scandinavian: Viljâlmr Langaspjôt; 893 – 17 December 942) was the second Duke of Normandy from his father's death until his own assassination. The title dux (duke) was not in use at the time and has been applied to early Norman rulers retrospectively; William actually used the title comes (count).

Little is known about his early years. He was born in Bayeux or Rouen to Rollo and his wife Poppa. All that is known of Poppa is that she was a Christian, and the daughter to Berengar of Rennes, the previous lord of Brittania Nova, which eventually became western Normandy. According to the William's planctus, he was baptised a Christian.

William succeeded Rollo sometime around 927. It appears that he faced a rebellion early in his reign, from Normans who felt he had become too Gallicised. Subsequent years are obscure. In 939 William became involved in a war with Arnulf I of Flanders, which soon became intertwined with the other conflicts troubling the reign of Louis IV. He was killed by followers of Arnulf while at a meeting to settle their conflict. His son Richard the Fearless, child of his first wife, Sprota, succeeded him. William also left a widow, Liègard (Liutgard), who died in 985.
LONGSWORD, William I (I40687)
1909 William I, King of England, bequeathed Normandy as he had promised to his eldest son Robert, despite their bitter differences (Robert had sided with his father's enemies in Normandy, and even wounded and defeated his father in a battle there in 1079). His son, William Rufus, was to succeed William as King of England, and the third remaining son, Henry, was left 5,000 pounds in silver.

Robert was Duke of Normandy from 1087 to 1106 
Duke of Normandy Robert II Curthose (I18963)
1910 William I, King of England, bequeathed Normandy as he had promised to his eldest son Robert, despite their bitter differences (Robert had sided with his father's enemies in Normandy, and even wounded and defeated his father in a battle there in 1079). His son, William Rufus, was to succeed William as King of England, and the third remaining son, Henry, was left 5,000 pounds in silver. NORMANDY, Duke Robert II of (I29756)
1911 William I, King of England, bequeathed Normandy as he had promised to his eldest son Robert, despite their bitter differences (Robert had sided with his father's enemies in Normandy, and even wounded and defeated his father in a battle there in 1079). His son, William Rufus, was to succeed William as King of England, and the third remaining son, Henry, was left 5,000 pounds in silver. NORMANDY, Duke Robert II of (I40595)
1912 William II reigned as King Of England from 1087-1100

Strong, outspoken and ruddy (hence his nickname 'Rufus'), he extended his father's policies, taking royal power to the far north of England. Ruthless in his relations with his brother Robert, William extended his grip on the duchy of Normandy under an agreement between the brothers in 1091. (Robert went on crusade in 1096.)

William was crowned by Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Neverthelesss, his relations with the Church were not easy; he took over Archbishop Lanfranc's revenues after the latter's death in 1089, kept other bishoprics vacant to make use of their revenues, and had numerous arguments with Lanfranc's popular successor, Anselm.

William never married, nor produced any illegitimate children. Many scholars feel he was homosexual. Chronicles describe his court as being licentious and "full of perfumed men."

Many historians believe that William was not very religious. According to some, he was atheistic and to others, paganish.

William died on 2 August 1100, after being shot by an arrow whilst hunting in the New Forest.

Contemporaries had several theories, including paganistic ritual, but the most persistent belief through the centuries has been that his brother, Henry I, was involved.

King William II (I18964)
1913 William left Virginia for Georgia, a move that his father did not approve. The sea air wasn't good for his wife's health, and the climate of the Deep South seemed a welcome change. Georgia and a whole new life lay ahead of the Hanson's, but they paid a price for the move. When William left Virginia, his father disinherited him. William and Ann spent their remaining years on their son's Monroe County farm. It is unknown whether they ever saw Virginia again.

William Hanson's will was written on february 27 1842. It reads as follows:In the name of God Amen. I William Hanson of the State of Georgia and the County of Monroe, considering myself to be fast on the decline of life, though in perfect mind and memory and calling to mind the mortality of my body, knowing that it is once appointed that all men should die, and as touching such things as wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me with, do give, demise, and dispose of the same in the following wit: First of all I recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty God who gave it and my body to the groundto be buried in Christian like manner by my executors hereinafter named.Secondly, do I make and ordain my loving son, Enoch Hanson my legal executor revoking all others, It is my desire that my executor pay all legal debts. It is my desire that my loving wife, Ann, should keep all of my property during her life, or widowhood. At the expiration of either, all of my property to be sold to the best advantage and equally divided among the rest of my lawful heirs. It is my desire that part of my estate that should be coming to my daughter, Betsy Ann Miller, should be equally divided among the lawful begotten heirs of her body. In witness whereof, I hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 27th February, 1842. In the Monroe County Courthouse are the estate records of William, "in account current with Enoch Hanson, Exr from the 1st of January 1842 to December inclusive."Some of the items listed include: $5.00 paid to William Bowden for a coffin, $1.15 to J. Winship for shoes, .87 1/2 boys cap, $4.00 for wheat, $4.75 for sugar and coffee, $4.12 1/2 for negro shoes, $1.00 for cotton yarn, $2.50 for a shawl, $9.50 for paling in grave, $30.00 for corn,$ 6.00 for hauling corn and fodder, .50 for 1/2 bushel of salt, .40 for 1 pound of wool, $1.50 for 3 bushels of corn, $12.00 for a small wagon, $18.00 for 212 pounds of bacon and $2.37 1/2 for 38 pounds of cotton (these items show a little bit of what daily life was like in the 1840's).Source:"On Railroad Street: Story of Carrie Hanson Breedlove and her family"by Ron Williams

William Hanson died on March 3 1842, Aged 70 years. His tomb stone reads "Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."

Source;On Railroad Street: The life of Carrie Hanson Breedlove and her familyby Ron Williams 
HINSON, William Charles (I7522)
1914 WILLIAM MATTHEWS is probably the WILLIAM MATTHEWS, who with wife ELIZABETH sold 200 acres in Edgecombe Co., NC to James Benton on Feb. 11, 1760 [Edgecombe Co., NC Deed Book OO, p. 138].

He bought 497 acres on both sides of Swift Creek in Edgecombe County from Ebenezer Folsom on Sept. 8, 1762 [Edgecombe Co., NC Deed Book I, p. 388].

He conveyed 70 acres on Swift Creek to Benjamin Smith on March 1, 1771 [Deed Book D, p. 447].

He is referred to as WILLIAM MATTHEWS of "Cumberland Co., NC" when he sold 200 acres on Myrey Branch on the North side of Swift Creek to John Jones on March 1, 1771 [Deed Book D, p. 429].  
MATTHEWS, William (I41351)
1915 William Newsome was born Bet. 1435 - 1445 in Lancashire, England, and died date unknown in England.He married Wife on Bet. 1460 - 1467.
Includes NotesNotes for William Newsome:
In "The History of the Parochial Chapelry of Goosnargh in the County of Lancaster" William is the earliest ancestor listed in the family tree "Newsam of Newsam."He is shown as "William Newsam of Newsam Hall, Co. Lancaster, Gent."It is written about Newsham Hall (page 193) that "Almost the only place of interest in the little township of Newsham is Newsham Hall, which was for many generations the seat of the Newsams, a once powerful and influential family in Lanchashire and Yorkshire.
Although the name has been spelled different ways (de Neusom, de Neusome, Newsam, Newsham, Newhous, Neuhuse, Neusome, Nusum, Newsom, and Newsome) the literal definition of the name, as I understand it is "dwellers of the new house."For simplicity, I spell the name Newsome and reference in notes if there is a different spelling of significance.
The coat of arms at this time is "Azure, on a fesse three crosses crosslet gules."
More About William Newsome and Wife:
Marriage: Bet. 1460 - 1467
Children of William Newsome and Wife are:

+John Newsome, b. Bet. 1460 - 1467, d. 1516, Lancashire, England.

Source:The Dukes & McAlhany family of Orangeburg County, SC  
NEWSOM, William (I7039)
1916 William Newsome, Jr. (son of William Newsome, Sr. and Unknown)305 was born 1614 in Lancashire, England, and died Bet. 1657 - 1667.He married (1) Penelope Ramsey on 1631 in Lancashire, England.He married (2) Sarah Fisher on 1633 in Lancashire, England.He married (3) Elizabeth Wilson on 1635 in Surrey County, Virginia.He married (4) Gertrude ? on 1637 in Surrey County, Virginia.
Includes NotesNotes for William Newsome, Jr.:
William is listed on the "Newsam of Newsam" family tree as "William Newsam."He is referred to henceforth as "The Immigrant" because he is believed to be the first Newsome who came to America.the tradition is that William and his brothers Robert and Richard came to Virginia from Dublin, Ireland.
William came to America in 1635 aboard the ship "George" and settled in what was then the County of James City, Virginia.He was granted 550 acres of land, a plantation referred to as Rich Neck, between College Run and Chippokee Creek, below an area called Sunken Marsh on May 3, 1636, for the "transportation of 11 persons to the Colony of Virginia."This was called a headright, or a 50 acres entitlement for each individual.It is important to note here that William paid the cost the cost of passage for the 11 individuals, thus meaning that he did not enter this country as an indentured servant.
Dr. Holtzclaw wrote on page 491, that William was "aged 21 years" and that of the 11 persons were included "his first wife, Penelope Ramsey;his second wife, Sarah Fisher; and his wife at the time, Elizabeth Wilsonn."It is thought that William married a fourth time to a Gertrude(?) who later became the first wife of Capt. George Watkins."William Newsome, Jr. referred to Capt. Watkins as his father in his testimony in a law suit on May 7, 1672."
More About William Newsome, Jr.:
Fact 1: 1635, Listed on ship George left ? landed Jamestown, Virginia.
Fact 2: 1636, Received a land grant of 550 acres in the Co. of James City towards Sunken Marsh.
More About William Newsome, Jr. and Penelope Ramsey:
Marriage: 1631, Lancashire, England.
More About William Newsome, Jr. and Sarah Fisher:
Marriage: 1633, Lancashire, England.
More About William Newsome, Jr. and Elizabeth Wilson:
Marriage: 1635, Surrey County, Virginia.
More About William Newsome, Jr. and Gertrude ?:
Marriage: 1637, Surrey County, Virginia.
Children of William Newsome, Jr. and Gertrude ? are:

+William (III) Newsome, Jr., b. 1648, d. 1691, Surrey County, Virginia.
Thomas Newsome, b. Bef. 1667, d. date unknown.
Alice Newsome, b. Bef. 1667, Surrey County, Virginia, d. Bet. 1670 - 1675, Surrey County, Virginia.
Elizabeth Newsome, b. Bef. 1667, d. date unknown.

Source: The Dukes & McAlhany family of Orangeburg County, SC  
NEWSOM, William , Jr (I1479)
1917 William Newsome, Sr. (son of Robert Newsome and Elizabeth Shirburn) was born 1584 in Lancashire, England, and died date unknown.He married Unknown.
Includes NotesNotes for William Newsome, Sr.:
William is listed on the "Newsam of Newsam" family tree as "William Newsam = . . ."
Children of William Newsome, Sr. and Unknown are:

+William Newsome, Jr., b. 1614, Lancashire, England, d. Bet. 1657 - 1667.
Robert Newsome, b. Abt. 1610, Lancashire, England, d. date unknown.
Richard Newsome, b. Abt. 1612, Lancashire, England, d. date unknown.

Source:The Dukes & McAlhany family of Orangeburg County, SC  
NEWSOM, William Sr (I1526)
1918 William Owsley was Under-sheriff in Loudoun County, Virginia OWSLEY, William (I11134)
1919 William Rush I

Lastly, let me summarize William Rush I for completeness sake. Most of the late 17th century Westmoreland County records can be definitively related to William Rush II who married Anne Gray, daughter of the wealthy planter, Francis Gray. There are a couple of Court records where the person is unclear and may relate to Rush I. The first definite William Rush I record occurs in August 1686 when "William Rush {I} as marrying Dorothy, the relic and Executrix of Christopher Thomas, doth petition that, having paid order of this Court and Clerk?s and Sherriff?s Fees beyond assets, he humbly desires Quietus." [53] The Court accepted his petition. By January 1691 / 1692, Rush I had died and his widow, Dorothy, petitioned the Court for her right of Dower. The Court "ordered that William Horton and John Pratt do lay out and divide the land of William Rush {I} together with housing and orchard..... into three equal parts and that, after division, the Sheriff do immediately put Dorothy Rush into possession of what 1/3 part she shall elect and make choice of....." [54] Ironically, the genealogical connection between this William Rush and the other William Rush(s) mentioned in Westmoreland County records is established by a Petition of this Dorothy for more Dower rights on 27 May 1702 after marrying yet again to William Bennett: "Upon petition of William Bennett and Dorothy, his wife, late widow of William Rush {I} praying 100 acres of land given by her husband during the coverture betwixt them to his son, William Rush {II}, without the privity or consent of Dorothy, maybe divided into three equal parts and that they may bee possest of 1/3 thereof as her Dower....." [55] Nine months later in February 1702/03, William Bennett died and William Rush II along with his son-in-law, Jossua Hudson, and John Lilly were appointed to appraise Bennett?s property. [56] This time "Dorothy relinquished all manner of Claim or title of his {William Bennett?s} estate". The estate by his Will was left to his young son, Cossum Bennett, and Daniel Field was appointed "to be trustee for the good of son". Bennett?s Inventory and appraisal were submitted to Court by William Rush II et al on 20 April 1703 and recorded. [57] I am still looking for a Rush I?s Will and Inventory.

RUSH, William I (I11082)
1920 William Rush III

On 31 May 1699, there is an interesting entry in the Westmoreland County Order Book on page 37. Seven Grand Jurors including a William Rush refused to render a decision: "they severally appeared and obstinately refused so to do in great contempt of his Majestie?s Laws and the Court then sitting.....Each fined 200 pounds tobacco for their default." Six jurors remained on the Grand Jury and they found ?Sara Newstubbs be summoned to answer to a {churchwardens?} presentment.....for having a bastard child?. [47] I suspect this is yet another example of a Quaker couple being harassed for not marrying in the Church of England which could be the reason seven jurors including William Rush refused to prosecute her. We know William Rush III?s wife, Elizabeth, was a devout Quaker and presumably William was also. Therefore it is most reasonable that this entry refers to William Rush III. [51] Compared to his father, Rush II, who was very active at court, there are few records for Rush III perhaps because he was a devout Quaker.
At Court on 26 January 1708/09 Elizabeth Rush was granted Administration of the estate of William Rush III, deceased. "Peter Skinner and Cossum Bennett {were certified} her Securitys for 50,000 pounds of tobacco for her due administration" - quite a large sum. [48] The Inventory of Rush III?s estate was presented at Court and recorded on 23 February 1708/1709. The total value of his estate was appraised at 19260 pounds of tobacco and included:
".....two feather beds and bed with furniture...three flock bed and table and five chairs...two old tables...6 flagg small large mare...2 horses...three heifer...2 steers...1 bull 3 years old...four 2 year old heifers...six yearlings...four sheep...two lambs...16 barrows and sows two years old...29 pigs - 5 months new saddle and bridle... one old saddle and utensils...6 pewter porringers...2 tankards...26 old spoons...2 iron candlesticks...12 iron skures...1 flesh fork...1 brass kettle...3 iron pots and pott hooks...spinning wheel and cards...2 old Old Testament...yards of linen, surge, thread, woolen...1 parcel carpenter?s sett wedges...2 guns...". [49]
This was a handsome estate at a time when 40% of families did not have even one table in their estate?s inventory. [50] Perhaps of even greater interest was the comment that Elizabeth Rush made at Court as recorded by the Clerk, James Westcomb: "Elizabeth, relic of William Rush {III}, deceased, returned into Court an Inventory of her deceased Husband?s Estate (upon her solemne protestation according to Law) shee professing to bee a Quaker....." [51]
The final accounting of the payments and disbursements against the estate of William Rush III didn?t occur until March, 1712. The payments included: "600 pounds tobacco to Joshua Hudson, 2007 pounds tobacco to Burditt Ashton, 1500 pounds tobacco to John Pratt", etc. And then the final family settlement: "To Will. Rush {IV}, eldest son to William Rush {III}, dec?d, being his part of his father?s estate, according to appraisement....5448 pounds of tobacco.....Elizabeth Rush third part of estate....5448 pounds of tobacco.....Funerall charges.....1000 pounds of tobacco...". [52] This suggests that the final third of the estate went to a second son, Benjamin Rush Sr., who would have been a minor at this date and therefore not mentioned.
RUSH, William III (I671953426)
1921 William Rush IV

The very first, definite record for William Rush IV was his 1726 patent of 400 acres in Spotsylvania County on the south side of the Robinson River, as mentioned above. [70] Compared to William Rush II or even to his younger brother, Benjamin Rush Sr., there are few court records for Mary Mylam?s father, William Rush IV. As you will learn below, his brother was more active in civic affairs becoming a Constable and then a Deputy Sheriff of King George County by 1727. Benjamin appears more like his grandfather, Rush II, while Rush IV seems to be more like his father and William Duff - keeping their distance from the all pervasive court and only attending when they must. This may have been their personalities or the degree of their devotion to the Quaker religion. After his father?s death in late 1707, Rush IV as the eldest son inherited 100 acres of his father?s homestead in Westmoreland County. In November 1728, the court asked him "to divide the Negroes belonging to the Estate of the said John {Prat} deceased that are in Westmoreland County and set a part 1/3 for the Dower of the said Margaret {Prat}". [103] While he may have had tenants farming the Spotsylvania land, he continued to live in Westmoreland County until the Summer of 1733 when he Leased 100 acres "now in the tenure and occupation of said William Rush" to the Reverand David Stuart of St. Paul?s Parish, Stafford County. [95] This Deed is exceedingly important because it clearly delineates the relationship of this William Rush IV to his grandfather, Rush II and to his father Rush III. This 100 acres of land on the Upper Machodoc Creek was purchased by his grandfather, Rush II, from Robert Howson in January 1664/65 [96] and it adjoined the 100 acres which his grandfather was given by Thomas Davis in October 1654. [97]
"....Robert Howson.....of which the hundred acres....above bounded was sold by Howson to William Rush {II}, the Grandfather of the above mentioned grantor and lessee, and granted by deed of gift to William Rush {III}, his son, the Father of the above Grantor, as by deed bearing date the 22 July 1689; And now descended by inheritance to William Rush {IV}, the Grantor hereof, and Grandson to the above mentioned William Rush {II}, the first purchaser thereof;...." [95]
On 27 November 1733, Rush IV acknowledged his Release of the 100 acres to Rev. David Stuart for "8500 pounds of good legal tobacco and 5 £ of current money of Virginia.....And Mary, the Wife of said Rush}, (she being first privately examined) personally relinquished her right of Dower and Thirds of, in and unto the Lands by the Deed conveyed. Recorded 2 January 1733/1734." [95] Sometime between the date of Lease and the recording of the Deed, William and his wife, the former Mary Hudson, moved their family west to his 400 acres in Spotsylvania County, soon to be Orange County - not far from Thomas Mylam?s future farm. Here (image) is a photo of his Spotsylvania land with Double Top Mountain in the left background. His brother, Benjamin Rush Sr.?s, property is in the distance on the right. This is a picture of the Robinson River (image) at the northern edge of Rush?s land.
On 7 May 1734, having only lived in Spotsylvania a few months, William Rush IV was appointed Constable "at the great {Blue Ridge} Mountains in the fork of the Rappahannock" in place of Michael Holt [100, 116 ] probably through the influence of Robert Green, Gent., the nephew of William Duff, who had moved to the county by 1724 [101] ; was a substantial land owner, Justice of the Peace, Church Vestryman, Captain of a Company of Footmen (Feb 1730/1731) [117]; and in 1736 and 1738 would be appointed to the Virginia House of Burgess. Ironically, the same day in court William?s brother, Benjamin Rush Sr. (deputy sherriff of King George County), sold his entire 387 acres adjoining William to Anthony Strother. [102] In the Fall, William sold through Lease and Release "100 acres of his original 400 acres to Peter Weaver for 10 £ currant money of Virginia.....and Mary the wife ye said William after being privately examined, acknowledged her right of Dower in the said land". [104, 105]
A major duty of a Constable was to inspect all the tobacco farms in their Precincts to make certain that no more than 2000 tobacco plants were planted per person in each household. And after the harvest, they were to inspect for second growths, commonly referred to as "suckers", growing from the cut plants and to destroy them. The Constables were paid 1 pound of tobacco for each tithable involved in growing tobacco. Thus they prepared a list of tithables for their precinct each year. At the 1 October 1734 court, Rush reported 156 tithables in his precinct. [106] You may read more about other Constable's duties here .
The total number of tithables for each county was used to proportion the poll tax which funded each county; its Church of England parishes; and the Colony of Virginia. There were a total of 2015 tithables that year in Spotsylvania County and the poll tax was established at 20 3/4 pounds of tobacco per tithable. [107]
It?s important to understand that Spotsylvania County at this time extended West across the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Shenandoah Valley to the Appalachian Mountains and included all the land in present day Orange, Culpeper, Madison, Green, Page, Frederick, Shenandoah, Rockingham and Augusta Counties - a vast frontier. See how counties were added in this album: County Photo Album (image) - click on an image to open the album. In the 1720s, there were virtually no settlers in the Shenandoah. Only after Hite, McCay, Benjamin Borden and others began to actively urge Germans and Quakers to immigrate from the Colonies of Maryland and Pennsylvania in 1731 did the population grow. The main criteria for the division of a county was when it was inconvenient for several Justices to attend the court - usually more than one day's horseback ride to the court. Such a petition in May 1730 failed. But with the increased settlement west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, a second petition in July 1734 was successful and the Court sent it to the General Assembly in Williamsburg for consideration. [108] Orange County was separated from Spotsylvania in early 1735 and was now the western frontier (map). The first court for Orange was held on 21 January 1734/1735 at William Robertson?s house. Robert Green, Gent. was among the first Justices for Orange County. The court ordered "that the....Constables that were in those Offices before the dividing of the county continue in said Offices" including William Rush. [109] At the February court Joist Hite (see above) and the Quakers, Benjamin Borden and John Smith, from the Shenandoah Valley were added to the names of Justices. [110] In the Fall 0f 1735 there were only 1111 tithables in Orange County; the poll tax was set by the Justices at 15 pounds of tobacco. [111] Most of these inhabitants were still east of the Blue Ridge Mountains in present day Orange, Culpeper, Madison and Green counties.
In July 1735, the Orange County court ordered William Rush IV and Jacob Cragle....."to view the land of Susanna Criglers for Michael Claure?s water grist mill...". [112]
The final court records for Mary Mylam?s father concerned his estate. William Rush IV apparently died in January leaving no Will. On 17 February 1735/1736, William?s wife, "Mary Rush and Robert Green, Gent., (her security) in and before Court acknowledged this their bond, for Mary?s faithful and true administration of the estate of William Rush {IV}, deceased, which is admitted to record." [113, 114] Robert Green, Gent. provided the 500 £ Sterling bond for her administration. On 21 July 1736, Whichell Glover, William Lucas and Henry McCoy returned the Inventory of Rush IV?s estate with a total value of 31 £, 16 Shillings and 6 Pence which included:
"...6 cows and calves...23 shoats...7 horses and mares...15 hogs...2 saddles...2 guns...3 beds and furniture...2 potts...skillets and iron mortar...2 chests... Cooper?s tools...carpenter?s tools...1 cross cut saw...rasping hooks...pewter... stilders...old frow...frying pan...sadle and flesh fork...spoon mould...books and glass..." [115].
At Orange County court on 24 September 1736, it was ordered that "John Micalls be appointed Constable at the Great mountains in the Fork of the Rappahannock (River) in the room of William Rush {IV}, deceased". [116]

Children of William Rush IV

? William (V) (abt 1715 ? by 1743?)--William Duff sold William (V)'s 400 acres to Robert Green, Gent., Mar 1743 [297]; not mentioned in grandmother?s Will, Oct 1746 [27]
? Benjamin (abt 1716 ? 1760+) --- married Rachel ____
? Crafford (abt 1717 ? 1750+) --- married Mary Briles
? John (abt 1718 ? bef Jun 1789) -- married Elizabeth ____
? James (abt 1719 ? Dec 1788)
? Elizabeth (abt 1720 ? 1798) --- married Finley McColester (McAllister)
? Mary (abt 1721 ? 1775+) --- married Thomas "Milam" (d. 1775)
? Ann Margaret (abt 1722 ? 1750+) --- married John Kelly
? Sarah (abt 1723 ? 1750+)
RUSH, William IV (I11103)
1922 William Rush IV and his brother, Benjamin Rush Sr.

Let me summarize the Rush family about 1715: Although his Will and estate?s inventory - which should have been sizeable - are missing, William Rush II apparently died about this year. William Rush I died in late 1691; William Rush III died in late 1708; William Rush IV was about 24 years old and had inherited Rush III?s land and 1/3 of his assets; and Benjamin Rush Sr. was about 20 years old, probably living with his widowed mother, Elizabeth, in anticipation of inheriting his 1/3 at maturity. About this time (1715), William Rush IV married Mary Hudson, daughter of John Hudson who had died in 1708. Benjamin Sr. would marry Amy (Amee), the widow of James Elkins sometime after Elkins? death in March 1716/1717. [67, 68]
Both William IV and Benjamin Sr. would continue to live in Westmoreland County for a number of years. After Benjamin's marriage he and Amy (Elkins) lived on 150 acres of her late husband's, James Elkins', farm which fell into King George County when it was designated in 1720. On the same day, 11 May 1726, Rush III?s sons, William and Benjamin, received Land Office Patents adjacent to each other?s farther west in Spotsylvania County on the south side of the Robinson River. [69, 70] According to their Patents, William was "of Washington Parish, Westmoreland County" and Benjamin was "of Hanover Parish, King George County" - these Parishes were actually side by side. William obtained 400 acres and Benjamin obtained 387 acres. This map shows their adjoining land plats (image) in relation to Thomas Mylam?s. Please note that the stream which courses along the southern border of William Rush?s property is named Quaker Run. Interestingly, a 1728 patent of land adjoining Benjamin's by Richard Maldin reads: "813 St. George Parish....upper fork of the Robinson River....adjacent to William Duff..." [229] These facts suggested to Robert Vernon that "the land was surveyed for William Duff and later patented in the names of his stepsons". [71] Thus the wealthy Duff, a Quaker, gave Elizabeth?s two sons these properties and the name, Quaker Run, to the stream since it is mentioned in the Rushs' 1726 patents. In Duff?s 1741 Will he also gave "to the three younger sons {Crafford, John and James} of William Rush {IV}.....all the remaining tract that I took up at the Ragged Mountain {in Spotsylvania County, after 1735 Orange County} to be equally divided between them according to the approbation of Robert Green of Orange County". [58] These sons were Mary Mylam?s brothers. In October of 1732 Duff had at least 2000 acres "under Ragged Mountain" since his improvements to those acres were "valued" at that time. [72] A March 1742/1743 court record involving Duff and his nephew, Green, showed that Marry's oldest brother, William Rush {V}, had use of 400 acres in Orange County located "on Huses {Hughes} River on the south side.....under the foot of the Ragged Mountains". [99]


RUSH, Benjamin Sr (I11104)
1923 William Rush IV married Mary Hudson, daughter of John Hudson who had died in 1708. Family F3970
1924 William VII (c. 1240 ? 6 February 1292), called the Great Marquess (Italian: il Gran Marchese), was the twelfth Marquess of Montferrat from 1253 to his death. He was also the titular King of Thessalonica.

William was born in Trino, the eldest son of Boniface II and Margaret of Savoy. He was named his father's heir in a testament of 1253, the year of his father's death and his succession. He remained under his mother's regency until 1257. Upon attaining his majority, he married Isabella, daughter of Richard de Clare, in 1258. William's mother was a first cousin of Eleanor of Provence, queen consort of England, and it was through the latter's influence that the marriage was arranged.

William left a son, John, who inherited the marquisate. The lands he inherited were divided by years of constant war and few communes remained faithful. Sent to Saluzzo for his safety, John stayed there a year.

William's body was given back to his family and was buried in the Cistercian abbey of Santa Maria di Lucedio, alongside his father. His obituary remembers him as fundator huius monasterii ("founder of this monastery"), although in reality he was just a member of the founding family. 
William VII of Montferrat (I672075672)
1925 William was either born in Wales or Kent, England.Immigrated on May 13,1607 to Jamestown, Virginia on the ship Susan Constant. SPENCER, William (I1470)
1926 William was killed by the horses running away with his chariot, and overturning it at the moment when he had projected his head, whereby it was at once severed from the body.

Burkes genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the landed gentry, Volume 1 
CHERRY, William (I41010)
1927 William was the illegitimate son of Duke Robert I of Normandy, and Herleve (also known as Arlette), daughter of a tanner in Falaise. Known as 'William the Bastard' to his contemporaries, his illegitimacy shaped his career when he was young.

On his father's death in 1035, William was recognised by his family as the heir - an exception to the general rule that illegitimacy barred succession. His great uncle looked after the Duchy during William's minority, and his overlord, King Henry I of France, knighted him at the age of 15.
From 1047 onwards, William successfully dealt with rebellion inside Normandy involving his kinsmen and threats from neighbouring nobles, including attempted invasions by his former ally King Henry I of France in 1054 (the French forces were defeated at the Battle of Mortemer) and 1057.

William's military successes and reputation helped him to negotiate his marriage to Mathilda, daughter of Count Baldwin V of Flanders. At the time of his invasion of England, William was a very experienced and ruthless military commander, ruler and administrator who had unified Normandy and inspired fear and respect outside his duchy.
William's claim to the English throne was based on his assertion that, in 1051, Edward the Confessor had promised him the throne (he was a distant cousin) and that Harold II - having sworn in 1064 to uphold William's right to succeed to that throne - was therefore a usurper.

Furthermore, William had the support of Emperor Henry IV and papal approval. William took seven months to prepare his invasion force, using some 600 transport ships to carry around 7,000 men (including 2,000-3,000 cavalry) across the Channel.

On 28 September 1066, with a favourable wind, William landed unopposed at Pevensey and, within a few days, raised fortifications at Hastings. Having defeated an earlier invasion by the King of Norway at the Battle of Stamford Bridge near York in late September, Harold undertook a forced march south, covering 250 miles in some nine days to meet the new threat, gathering inexperienced reinforcements to replenish his exhausted veterans as he marched.
At the Battle of Senlac (near Hastings) on 14 October, Harold's weary and under-strength army faced William's cavalry (part of the forces brought across the Channel) supported by archers. Despite their exhaustion, Harold's troops were equal in number (they included the best infantry in Europe equipped with their terrible two-handled battle axes) and they had the battlefield advantage of being based on a ridge above the Norman positions.
The first uphill assaults by the Normans failed and a rumour spread that William had been killed; William rode among the ranks raising his helmet to show he was still alive. The battle was close-fought: a chronicler described the Norman counter-attacks and the Saxon defence as 'one side attacking with all mobility, the other withstanding as though rooted to the soil'. Three of William's horses were killed under him.
William skilfully co-ordinated his archers and cavalry, both of which the English forces lacked. During a Norman assault, Harold was killed - hit by an arrow and then mowed down by the sword of a mounted knight. Two of his brothers were also killed. The demoralised English forces fled. (In 1070, as penance, William had an abbey built on the site of the battle, with the high altar occupying the spot where Harold fell. The ruins of Battle Abbey, and the town of Battle, which grew up around it, remain.)
William was crowned on Christmas Day 1066 in Westminster Abbey. Three months later, he was confident enough to return to Normandy leaving two joint regents (one of whom was his half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, who was later to commission the Bayeux Tapestry) behind to administer the kingdom. However, it took William six years to consolidate his conquest, and even then he had to face constant plotting and fighting on both sides of the Channel.

In 1068, Harold's sons raided the south-west coast of England (dealt with by William's local commanders), and there were uprisings in the Welsh Marches, Devon and Cornwall. William appointed earls who, in Wales and in all parts of the kingdom, undertook to guard the threatened frontiers and maintain internal security in return for land.
In 1069, the Danes, in alliance with Prince Edgar the Aetheling (Ethelred's great-grandson) and other English nobles, invaded the north and took York. Taking personal charge, and pausing only to deal with the rising at Stafford, William drove the Danes back to their ships on the Humber.

In a harsh campaign lasting into 1070, William systematically devastated Mercia and Northumbria to deprive the Danes of their supplies and prevent recovery of English resistance. Churches and monasteries were burnt, and agricultural land was laid to waste, creating a famine for the unarmed and mostly peasant population which lasted at least nine years.

Although the Danes were bribed to leave the north, King Sweyn of Denmark and his ships threatened the east coast (in alliance with various English, including Hereward the Wake) until a treaty of peace was concluded in June 1070.
Further north, where the boundary with Scotland was unclear, King Malcolm III was encroaching into England. Yet again, William moved swiftly and moved land and sea forces north to invade Scotland. The Treaty of Abernethy in 1072 marked a truce, which was reinforced by Malcolm's eldest son being accepted as a hostage.

William consolidated his conquest by starting a castle-building campaign in strategic areas. Originally these castles were wooden towers on earthen 'mottes' (mounds) with a bailey (defensive area) surrounded by earth ramparts, but many were later rebuilt in stone. By the end of William's reign over 80 castles had been built throughout his kingdom, as a permanent reminder of the new Norman feudal order.
William's wholesale confiscation of land from English nobles and their heirs (many nobles had died at the battles of Stamford Bridge and Senlac) enabled him to recruit and retain an army, by demanding military duties in exchange for land tenancy granted to Norman, French and Flemish allies.

He created up to 180 'honours' (lands scattered through shires, with a castle as the governing centre), and in return had some 5,000 knights at his disposal to repress rebellions and pursue campaigns; the knights were augmented by mercenaries and English infantry from the Anglo-Saxon militia, raised from local levies. William also used the fyrd, the royal army - a military arrangement which had survived the Conquest.

The King's tenants-in-chief in turn created knights under obligation to them and for royal duties (this was called subinfeudation), with the result that private armies centred around private castles were created - these were to cause future problems of anarchy for unfortunate or weak kings. By the end of William's reign, a small group of the King's tenants had acquired about half of England's landed wealth. Only two Englishmen still held large estates directly from the King. A foreign aristocracy had been imposed as the new governing class.
The expenses of numerous campaigns, together with an economic slump (caused by the shifts in landed wealth, and the devastation of northern England for military and political reasons), prompted William to order a full-scale investigation into the actual and potential wealth of the kingdom to maximise tax revenues.

The Domesday survey was prompted by ignorance of the state of land holding in England, as well as the result of the costs of defence measures in England and renewed war in France. The scope, speed, efficiency and completion of this survey was remarkable for its time and resulted in the two-volume Domesday Book of 1086, which still exists today. William needed to ensure the direct loyalty of his feudal tenants. The 1086 Oath of Salisbury was a gathering of William's 170 tenants-in-chief and other important landowners who took an oath of fealty to William.
William's reach extended elsewhere into the Church and the legal system. French superseded the vernacular (Anglo-Saxon). Personally devout, William used his bishops to carry out administrative duties. Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1070, was a first-class administrator who assisted in government when William was absent in France, and who reorganised the Church in England.

Having established the primacy of his archbishopric over that of York, and with William's approval, Lanfranc excommunicated rebels, and set up Church or spiritual courts to deal with ecclesiastical matters. Lanfranc also replaced English bishops and abbots (some of whom had already been removed by the Council of Winchester under papal authority) with Norman or French clergy to reduce potential political resistance. In addition, Canterbury and Durham Cathedrals were rebuilt and some of the bishops' sees were moved to urban centres.
At his coronation, William promised to uphold existing laws and customs. The Anglo-Saxon shire courts and 'hundred' courts (which administered defence and tax, as well as justice matters) remained intact, as did regional variations and private Anglo-Saxon jurisdictions.

To strengthen royal justice, William relied on sheriffs (previously smaller landowners, but replaced by influential nobles) to supervise the administration of justice in existing county courts, and sent members of his own court to conduct important trials. However, the introduction of Church courts, the mix of Norman/Roman law and the differing customs led to a continuing complex legal framework.

More severe forest laws reinforced William's conversion of the New Forest into a vast Royal deer reserve. These laws caused great resentment, and to English chroniclers the New Forest became a symbol of William's greed. Nevertheless the King maintained peace and order. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1087 declared 'he was a very stern and violent man, so no one dared do anything contrary to his will ... Amongst other things the good security he made in this country is not to be forgotten.'
William spent the last months of his reign in Normandy, fighting a counter-offensive in the French Vexin territory against King Philip's annexation of outlying Normandy territory. Before his death on 9 September 1087, William divided his 'Anglo-Norman' state between his sons. The scene was set for centuries of expensive commitments by successive English monarchs to defend their inherited territories in France.

William bequeathed Normandy as he had promised to his eldest son Robert, despite their bitter differences (Robert had sided with his father's enemies in Normandy, and even wounded and defeated his father in a battle there in 1079). His son, William Rufus, was to succeed William as King of England, and the third remaining son, Henry, was left 5,000 pounds in silver.

William was buried in his abbey foundation of St Stephen at Caen. Desecrated by Huguenots (1562) and Revolutionaries (1793), the burial place of the first Norman king of England is marked by a simple stone slab.
King William I Duke of Normandy (I18953)
1928 William was the son of Robert McCollister/ McAlister and Sarah "Sally" Bailey. He moved with his parents and siblings from Carroll Co., GA about 1849 to the Columbus, GA/Phenix City, AL area. Married Elander "Ellen" Melvina Lamb 20 October 1864 in Columbus, GA.

Family links:
Robert McColister (1797 - 1857)
Sarah Bailey McColister (1806 - 1858)

Elender Malvina Lamb McCollister (1840 - 1918)*

Willie McCollister (____ - 1880)*
child McCollister (____ - 1880)*
James S. McCollister (1865 - 1923)*
Cornelia E. McCollister (1868 - 1940)*
Rebecca Jane McCollister Gibson (1870 - 1946)*
Minnie McCollister Crawford (1876 - 1962)*

Sophronia McAlister Hewson (____ - 1890)*
Syrena Emaline McCollister Davis (____ - 1907)*
Andrew Jackson McColister (1825 - 1885)*
Mary McCollister Summersgill Martin (1829 - 1895)*
Thomas McCollister (1832 - 1927)*
Jane McCollister Martin (1833 - 1870)*
William McCollister (1840 - 1907)

*Calculated relationship

Linwood Cemetery
Muscogee County
Georgia, USA
Plot: Old Cemetery section (city plan); Section H, Lot 101A (Autry's system) 
MCCOLISTER, William (I11276)
1929 Willis enlisted for duty in the Civil War - CSA on 16 February 1864.

He was employed as a farmer in July 1880 in Carroll County, Georgia. He resided in1870 in Carroll County, Georgia.

Willis Dallas Jones was injured in the Ciivil War and was a cripple for the rest of his life.

He owned a bible which listed "Tybitha Jones nee Fowler" as the wife of Benjamin Jones, his grandfather. Later, the bible came into the possession of his son, Joseph Thurman Jones, who also made entries in the family history section. It was then passed on to Weems Jones. He related to other members of the Jones family that, at some point, the Bible became wet and entries hard to read. he tried to write over several entries but admits that he may have made mistakes on some dates.

Research shows that it was highly unlikely that Benjamin Jones and Tybitha (Talitha) Fowler were ever married although she may have cared for the Jones children after the death of their mother, her sister Mary Eliphalet Jones.

(Research):Georgia Dept. of Archives and History, Atlanta, GA 30334

W.D. Jones was a private in Company B, 27th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
Cripled back lifting baggage in Guitman, GA April, 1864.
(photocopy in possession of J. Love from Jimmy R. Jones)

Family History page from William T. Jones' bible citing family tree.
(scanned copy in possession of J. Love from Jimmy R. Jones)

Per conversation w/ Jimmy R. Jones, February, 2005, W.D. Jones is buried at the Consolation Baptist Church he helped found and was pastor of. The grave is maintained by Jimmy Jones.

Also copy of a drawing of W.D. Jones House located not far from Consolation Baptist Church, Carroll County, GA is in possession of J. Love, from Jimmy R. Jones)

Company B, 27th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry.

Present in April 30, 19\864.

Injured during service in Civil War unloading trains. 
JONES, Willis Dallas (I7410)
1930 With his father and his uncle Clarambauld subscribed to a donation with Richard de Port-Mort and his wife Adelize to the Abbey of the Holy Trinity at Rouen. DE ST LEGER, Robert (I672075275)
1931 WITHYCOMBE HADLEY, near Willington
The Manor(s) of Withycombe
Before discussing Withycombe's manors a brief word about manors in general is probably in order. The Normans were very keen on them and because of this they are generally considered to be of their invention; but they may well reflect a system that was already in existence before 1066. Manors are the skeleton of the feudal system, that cascade of responsibility down through society that existed around that time. The manorial system should not be confused with the feudal system - the latter was all about military service - but the two were often interdependent, manors being held "in fee" (i.e. in return for military service to an overlord). At the top of the pyramid was the monarch: he took part of the country as his own land and, in return for services rendered unto him, shared out the rest among his supporting nobles. These noblemen - the "tenants in chief" - in their turn kept part of their lands as their own and rewarded their supporters, mostly lesser lords, with the residue. And so on, down to the least important lords, who may have held an area the size of a parish or even less than that; but even here the system was the same. The lord held a house, land and servants of his own; and the rest was shared among his tenants (in proportion to their relative importance/wealth). In return the tenants were expected to work at certain times and for a certain number of days in the year on their lord's estate, and to fight with him if he was called upon to go to war on behalf of his overlord. Eventually this system became impractical and money was paid to the lord in lieu of service, and thus the practise of holding property for rent became the norm.

The information contained in this section comes in large part from Maxwell Lyte's "Some Somerset Manors" (Somerset Record Society, extra series, 1931) and also from Savage's "History of the Hundred of Carhampton" (1830), where he mostly quotes the earlier Collinson.

After the Norman Conquest the whole of the manor of Withycombe was given to Geoffrey, the bishop of Coutances (in Normandy): Edmer held it on his behalf. Geoffrey was much more of a soldier than an ecclesiastic. He fought bravely for his King at Hastings and in subsequent battles and was well rewarded, being presented with no less than two hundred and eighty lordships in England. He possessed seventy manors in Somerset alone, including Culbone and Withycombe. He died in 1093 and the manor passed to his nephew, the Earl of Northumberland. Two years later the Earl, Robert de Moubray, was stripped of his lands for rebelling against William II, and Lyte speculates that it was then that William de Mohun, the first Norman lord of Dunster Castle, acquired the manor (being already in possession of much land in the area).

A kinsman of William de Mohun named Durand (called variously D. the Steward or D. de Mohun) or Durand's son William fitz Durand subsequently held the manor of Withycombe in fee, together with other lands. William fitz Durand was succeeded by his son Ralph fitz Durand: he married Yolenta, the sister of the current lord of Dunster, William de Mohun IV; who, in consideration of the marriage, remitted the scutage (military service) due from the manor of Withycombe. The marriage took place between 1177 and 1194.

Ralph died around 1212, leaving three daughters: Lucy (relict of William Malet), Ilaria (wife of Richard of Combe) and Isabel (wife of Hugh Peverel). A dispute and a lengthy court case ensued, which resulted in the division of the manor of Withycombe into thirds (around 1238). Lucy Malet, the senior co-heiress, inherited the manor and the advowson of the church, which she held directly under the lord of Dunster. Ilaria and Isabel each held a third of the manor directly under Lucy, although Lucy quit-claimed to her overlord the rights of service that her sisters owed to her in return for the lands. The third part that was left in Lucy's sole control was that which was much later known as Withycombe Wyke; Ilaria's subsidiary third was later known as Withycombe Hadley; Isabel's we will call Withycombe Peverel, simply for the sake of clarity.

Technically, Withycombe was still only one manor, comprised of three parts; but it was effectively now three manors, each with its own demesne and manor court, and generally came to be treated as such. Only the valuable advowson (the right to present to the benefice of the church) clearly demonstrated the superiority of Lucy's holding. Each had its own distinct history from this point on.

Withycombe Wyke
After Lucy Malet's death in 1258 the manor went to Simon de Meriet, who had married her daughter, also called Lucy. He was dead by 1280 and Lucy remarried, one Thomas of Timworth, who was for a time constable of Taunton Castle. He is recorded as holding a fee at Withycombe in 1280. Lyte expresses the view that two effigies in Withycombe church are those of Thomas and his wife. Lucy, who outlived her second husband, conveyed the manor to her second son Walter de Meriet in 1307. His mother had earlier presented him to the living of Withycombe, where he had held it for four years, despite not having been ordained. Clearly a religious rather than a worldly man, Walter became Chancellor of Exeter cathedral in 1323 and a canon of Wells four years later. He died in 1345.

His nephew Simon de Meriet (son of Walter's elder brother John) succeeded him. He undertook several complex conveyances of the manor which had little practical effect, as his relict Margery outlived most of his named heirs, and eventually married one of these, Thomas Willington. After her death in 1390, the heir was found to be John Willington, a nephew of Thomas, "a lad of unsound mind", so Lady de Mohun obtained a grant of wardship. The boy died in 1396 and the manor passed to his nephew John Wroth, another minor, who became a ward of the Crown. At an inquisition held after his death in 1412, the heir of the manor was found to be his sister Elizabeth, wife of Sir William Palton; the manor and advowson held of Sir Hugh Luttrell, whose family had replaced the de Mohuns at Dunster Castle. Palton held the manor until his death in 1450, when it went to his wife's first cousin (and co-heir of John Willington), Sir Thomas Beaumont. However, he died himself in that same year, effectively replaced by son Philip Beaumont, who was Sheriff of Devon in 1467. Before his death without issue in 1473 he conveyed the manor to various feoffees, who saw to it that it passed to his half-sister Joan, the wife of Peter Courtenay.

Joan Courtenay died in 1496 and her heir was found to be her brother Hugh Beaumont; however, after 1500 he transferred all of his lands via feoffees, and one of these, Giles, Lord Daubeney, got his estate at Withycombe. Son Henry Daubeney, knight, succeeded him in 1508.

James Basset, another Beaumont heir and feoffee, succeeded to the manor after Henry's death in 1548; then it was conveyed in 1560 (by Sir Thomas Kempe) to John Southcott, serjeant-at-law, and his wife. This was the first time that the manor was referred to as "Withycombe Wyke". Lyte puts this down to a clerical error, resulting from an ancient list of Somerset manors, wherein "Wyke" (near Taunton) followed "Withycombe" with no comma between. He points out that nobody of the family of Wyke has ever had a connection with the manor. Other authorities have asserted that it was named after the family of Wyke, but this seems unlikely.

John Southcott died in 1585 and was succeeded by his son of the same name; he died in 1638, and was replaced by his son Edward. The latter got into trouble as a Popish Recusant and in 1650 the manor was conveyed to Thomas Cridland, gentleman, in fee. Various Cridlands held the manor for the next thirty years, before Francis Cridland entailed it to his daughter Jane. She married Richard Gifford and their daughter Jane inherited it. Sir Halswell Tynte, executor of Richard Gifford's will, engineered a marriage between his son Fortescue Tynte and Jane Gifford, the heiress, both parties being under age. He administered the Withycombe manor on their behalf in the period 1689-95, holding courts, etc. Young Fortescue died in 1694 and Jane then married Hopton Wyndham, who also did not last long, dying in 1697. She then married John Codrington but then in 1702 died herself.

In 1709 Col. John Codrington of Gloucestershire, being about to take a new wife, was forced to sell off the manor piecemeal (for the benefit of his younger brothers and sisters, a condition upon which he would receive an inheritance of his father's). Much of the property found its way eventually into the hands of the Luttrell family, who held Withycombe Hadley and Dunster Castle, thus effectively reuniting the parts of the ancient manor.

Where then was the manor house of this manor? Without any doubt it was Withycombe Farm, now home of the Case family, next to the parish church. Its position indicates as much: there is still a gateway in the churchyard wall connecting the church directly to the farmhouse. It was almost certainly also the original manor house of the undivided manor, but we cannot be absolutely certain of this.

Its lands lay mainly in the hilly western side of the parish, beyond West Street, Mill Street and the Higher Rodhuish Road; but also included land close by the farm in Lower Street such as Christopher's and the site of the Memorial Hall.

Withycombe Hadley
It is likely that Ilaria, one of the three heirs of Ralph fitz William and married to Richard of Combe, was also the wife of John Fitzurse, a descendant of another Hastings veteran, one Ursa or Ursus. This family also came to own other nearby manors, and one of their number was infamous as the principal among the murderers of the archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas à Becket (in 1169).

John Fitzurse had a son Ralph who was specifically described as one of the heirs of Ralph fitz William, and in 1285 his relict Isabel held a third of a fee at Withycombe. In 1312 another Ralph, grandson of Ralph and Isabel, held a manor at Withycombe, and in 1321 his relict Annora held dower there. Their son, yet another Ralph Fitzurse, held the manor subsequently, and acquired the rights to the third portion, which we have called Withycombe Peverel (see below). His daughter Hawis married Hugh Durburgh in 1344, the manor (now two thirds of the original) passing to that family.

For the next 100 years the Durburgh (or Durborough) family held the manor until it passed to the daughters of Ralph Durburgh: first Joan, wife of John Courtenay, held it; then, when she died without issue, Alice the wife of Alexander Hadley. An inquisition held after Alexander Hadley's death in 1480 names him as holding two thirds of the manor of Withycombe from Peter Courtenay (holder of the superior third) for service of two thirds of a fee.

The manor passed from father to son via John (died ca1502), Richard (died 1524) and James Hadley (died 1539). Then James' eldest son Christopher failed to outlive his (step?)mother, dying in 1540 and directing that he be buried in the chancel of Withycombe parish church; therefore the manor passed to his daughter Margaret, who married Thomas Luttrell. After her death in 1607 at Luxborough, the manor was held directly by the Luttrell family of Dunster Castle until its final sale and dissolution in the 1950s.

There is no mystery about the site of the manor house of Withycombe Hadley: it was at Court Place, as a wealth of evidence confirms. Not quite so clear is the location of its associated land, because, although described in several sources, we do not know for certain what part of this originally belonged to the Peverel third of the manor. However, we can say that all of the land to the north of Court Place belonged to it as far as Withycombe Lane to the west and Sandhill's lands to the east; and certainly most of the properties in Lower Street, West Street, Mill Street and Rattle Row belonged to it later (and probably also earlier). 
FITZURSE, John (I13599)
1932 Witness with his brother and father to the donations to the priory at Leeds by Robert de Crevecouer and his son Daniel. The first witness was the Count of Clare (Strongbow), the conqueror of Ireland. ST LEGER, Robert (I672075278)
1933 Woodson Cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Bibb County and was an Indian burial ground before Lizella (originally Warrior) became a white settlement in 1821. There

The cemetery is located in the woods on a hill about 300 yards to the left(west) of the road going to Arrowhead Park, Lake Tobesofkee. It's about 0.2 mile south of the entrance to Arrowhead. 
SINGLETON, Bethena Elizabeth (I2528)
1934 Woodson Cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Bibb County and was an Indian burial ground before Lizella (originally Warrior) became a white settlement in 1821. There are three known Indian mounds in the cemetery.

The cemetery is located in the woods on a hill about 300 yards to the left(west) of the road going to Arrowhead Park, Lake Tobesofkee. It's about 0.2 mile south of the entrance to Arrowhead. 
JONES, Laurence Alexander (I2527)
1935 Wrhwant, Gurwant, Gurwent or Gurvand (Latin: Vurfandus; died 876) was a claimant to the Duchy of Brittany from 874 until his death in opposition to Pascweten, Count of Vannes.
Wrhwant was complicit in the conspiracy which assassinated Salomon in 874. However, he was of the faction which had been outside of Salomon's court and he hailed from northwest Brittany, where his base of power may have been at Rennes. He was, however, never styled "Count".[1] He mustered 200 men to fight the Vikings in 874.[2] After Salomon's death, he and Pascweten divided the country between them, though Regino of Prüm records that the latter received a larger share. The two soon fell out and fought over the succession. He had died by the middle of 876 and his son Judicael had taken up his role.
His wife was a daughter of Erispoe and his own daughter married Berengar of Rennes.
Gurvand of Rennes, Duke of Brittany (I40763)
1936 WW II RHODES, Edward Eugene (I4894)
1937 WW2 Veteran

Staff Sergeant 
BARHAM, Arthur Lee (I11559)
1938 You will find Henry listed twice... one listing, LIKELY SON, shows all information.
From Brenda Gartside:
In my file, Capt. Henry Duke and "our" James Duke, who married Mary Byrd, were brothers, according to my information. Who their father was is the real question, I guess. One source (DUKEs of DURHAM Co. NC) says William is the father. The info from another researcher said Col. Henry. Some people think that Col. Henry and Capt. Henry were actually the same person, and that seems very possible. There are records in both names. 
DUKE, Henry Capt. (I3515)
1939 You will find Henry listed twice... one listing, LIKELY SON, shows all information. DUKE, Henry Capt. (I3685)
1940 You will find William listed twice... one listing, LIKELY SON, shows all information.
1st note Provided by Brenda Gartside:
William Duke was born about 1701. He married Thamar UNK about 1720. The name Thamar became a common name used in the Duke family by their descendants. About 1736, he married Elizabeth, whose last name is believed to have been Bartholomew. William first owned land, according to records, on the Meherrin River in Isle of Wight Co., VA in 1727. He relocated a little west to Brunswick Co. VA and became a landholder there. He served on juries and helped with the construction and maintenance of roads near his house. Sometime around 1745, he moved to the Fishing Creek region with several of his sons. He bought and sold several pieces of property in N.C. Either he or his son, William, was undersheriff in Granville Co., N.C. in 1748. By June, 1759, he was referred to as an "ancient and infirmed" man. He probably died shortly after 1765. -- Abstracted from the North Carolina and Virginia Genealogical Exchange.

William DUKE, Sr. was the son of James DUKE and Mary BYRD, named for his grandfather, Co., Wm. BYRD. At 10 years of age, he went to stay with his Uncle, Col. Wm. BYRD II, to be educated. This man has been a controversy in the several DUKE histories as to whom he was a son of. The latest and best documented records indicate without a question that he was the son of James DUKE and Mary BYRD, born ca. 1700/01 in Virginia, no doubt in Charles City Co. He first married a woman named Thamar, who died in 1737, leaving him with these children: William Jr., John, Samuel, Joseph, James, and Thamar. He then married Mrs. Elizabeth BARTHOLOMEW (a widow) that had a son Charles BARTHOLOMEW. He made his home in 1727 in Brunswick Co., VA, near the boundary line with what is now Granville Co., N.C. next to Nathaniel GREEN and a John DUKE, of no immediate relation. This was north of the Meherrin River on Reedy Creek adjacent to James BAKER. The SIMS (SYMES) families were in the same locality. In 1733, he accompanied Co.. William BYRD, Jr. in surveying and settling the line that divided Virginia from North Carolina. In 1742, he disposed of this property in VA and removed with some of his sons to N.C. where he was granted 300 acres in Edgecombe Co., later changed to Granville Co. in 1746. In 1746, he sold land to Edward GREEN (his son's father-in-law) on Reedy Creek in Granville Co. Several transactions of lands with his sons took place, some on O'Possum Gtr. In 1754, he and his sons, William, Samuel., John, and Joseph served as troops in Capt. Daniel HARRIS's Co. In 1758, he sold to Thomas HOUSE, Jr. 100 acres on Sandy Creek next to where his stepson, Charles BARTHOLOMEW, lived. He died in North Carolina in 1773. SOURCE: THE DUKE - SYMES FAMILY, by Jane Morris, pages 174-175 (Excerpts posted on Duke-L Archives by Carolyn D. Frank)

The father - son relationship of James and William is supported further by the history of the family of William DUKE as found in the manuscripts of Daniel REAVES GOODLOE, given to his niece, Annie GOODLOE RANDALL, Feb. 13, 1911. Daniel wrote for the New York Tribune and the New York Times, according to the Dictionary of American Biography. His brother, Henry Garrett GOODLOE married Indiana DUKE in 1812. She was the granddaughter of Green DUKE, son of Wm. DUKE, Jr. A copy of this handwritten history is in the N.C. State Library at Raleigh.

According to Evelyn Brandenberger Duke, William Duke, Sr. was born in 1701. She thought England, but others say no. He owned land in Brunswick Cty, VA (VA Land Pat. Bk 13, p. 187) in 1727 adjoining that of John Duke and next to Nathaniel Green. The John Duke who may or may not be related was the son of John Duke, Sr. and Bridgett (In this database the wife is Jane Scarsbrook.). The questionable John Duke died 1720. It this database, John Duke (d. 1720) is in the Otis Fuller line.


William Duke, Sr. was in Brunswick Co. in 1733 when it was cut off from part of Prince George and Surry. He was associated with his brothers, John Duke and John Taylor Duke. He was probably the youngest child of his mother (In this database he is the oldest child.) as he did not join in her deed with his three brothers to (and ?) Joshua Poythress, a man of no close relation.

William accompanied his uncle, Col. William Byrd II, in fixing the boundary between VA and NC. His wife, Elizabeth, joined him in deeding his land in Brunswick in 1742 when they moved together with their son Samuel to Granville Co. NC. He died in NC ca. 1773.
Birth: 1701 in Prince George or Surry or Nansemond Co., VA or in ENGLAND
Death: 1773 in Bute, Warren Co., NC
Death: BEF 28 APR 1775 in Bute, Granville Co., NC
Education: Westover, Charles City Co., VA
Fact 1727 Resided in Brunswick Co., VA
Fact He lived in the part of Brunswick County formed from Prince George.
Fact 18 SEP 1728 Granted 318 acres in Brunswick Co. on south side of Reedy Creek
Fact BEF 1736 Removed to Granville Co., NC
Fact 1745 Resided in Granville Co., NC
Fact 1746 Received 400 acres of land in Granville County, N (now Warren Co.)
Fact 1750 Resided in Granville Co., NC
Military: 8 OCT 1754: He & his sons (William, Samuel, John, & Joseph) were in militia of Granville County.

1732, June 1, Brunswick County, Virginia Order Book 1732-1737, page 3:
JOHN ROSE is appointed surveyor of the road from Reedy Creek to the Courthouse. The male laboring tithables belonging to JOSEPH WARBURTON, JOHN EVANS, JOHN ARNOLD, I___ ___ann, WILLIAM DUKE, JOHN EDWARDS, JAMES DUKE, AND JOHN IN___... the same.

1734, April 4, Brunswick County Order Book 1732-1737, page 62.
On the petition of WILLIAM POYTRISS & FRANCIS POYTRIS, executors, plaintiffs against WILLIAM DUKE, Defendant for 4.10.10 currency, the plaintiffs not prosecuting, ordered that the same be dismissed.

The Duke Family History Papers:
"Given to Adam Christmas of Duke family. Written by Lewis Y. Christmas while his mother was still alive." History of the Duke Family. [This a copy, verbatim, written by George Wortham, a lawyer of Granville County, North Carolina and a Colonel in the late war of the Confederacy. This history he obtained from the late Lewis Y. Christmas, of Warren County, North Carolina, who was a retired gentleman of high veracity and integrity, who devoted himself to collections of family genealogy, and also from letters and other information abstained by said Wortham, and is in the main a correct history. This is the testimony of Dr. L. Green Ward, of Texas, a native of Warren County, where he spent the greater part of his life. November1877.] This history is copied from the MS of the later Hon. Daniel R. Goodloe by his niece Annie Goodloe ... Edgecomb Co., NC. Feb. 13, 1911 for Mrs. W. P. Mercer.

"1709 WILLIAM DUKE was a younger son of RALEIGH DUKE, Esq. of Hays Farm, Dovershire, England and was born at that place in the year 1709. Hays Farm is still owned by the descendants of his older brother. It was the birth place of Sir. Walter Raleigh, and a picture of it can be seen in the first volume of Hawk's History of North Carolina. . . . His parents dying when he was a small lad, and the estate passed, according to English law and custom, to his oldest brother, WILLIAM DUKE was left poor and brought to Virginia by his relative COL. WILLIAM BYRD of Westover on James River who reared him and gave him the rudiments of a good business education and better than all taught him to work. {NOTE: It is said that William Raleigh Duke was a grown man and well educated when he came to Virginia with Col. Byrd and had an interest in the Virginia estate.} . . . 1727 In 1727 Col. Byrd was appointed one of the Commissioners to run the dividing line between Virginia and North Carolina, and as we learned from his published account of the survey, he was so pleased with the soil of what is now Warren and Granville, that he called it the "Land of Eden", and pronounced it a great country for a young man a short time afterward, William Duke, probably through Col. Byrd's influence, moved to North Carolina, and in 1735, married MARY a daughter of Thomas Edward Green, who lived in what is now Warren County then a part of Edgecomb. William Duke settled on "Purchase Patent", and had a lot of children.
William Duke , born in 1700 in Brunswick County, Virginia what is now Prince George County, Virginia , was in Brunswick County, Virginia , in 1727, near the boundary line with what is now Greensville County (taken from Brunswick in 1780), where he was joined in 1733 by his brothers John Duke, and John Taylor Duke. He married Elizabeth _____. This is the William Duke who accompanied Col William Byrd II in fixing the boundary line between Virginia and North Carolina. Records name six sons but no mention is made of daughters if any.

William Duke disposed of his property in Brunswick County, Virginia in 1742 and with his wife and his son Samuel and his wife went to North Carolina where he was granted 300 acres in Edgecombe County (Granville County in1746), where he was later joined by his other sons who also received grants of land. He died in 1773 or soon thereafter.

His parents dying when he was a small lad, and the estate passed, according to English law and custom, to his oldest brother, William Duke was left poor and brought to Virginia by his relative/uncle Col. William Byrd II, of Westover on James River, who reared him and gave him the rudiments of a good business education and better than all taught him to work

Wm Duke Sr.was educated at Westover by his uncle, Wm Bird ll. Also, it is said he was name after this uncle and grandfather,Wm Bird l. He moved his family to Brunswick,Va. before his son, James, was born in 1727, when he first appears in county lands. His land was north of the Meherrin River. 18 Sept 1728: he was granted 317 acres of "New Land" in Brunswick on the south side of a Fork Reedy Creek beginning at a birch which is the corner tree of Nathaniel Green (Va Land Pat.Book page 31. the family moved to NC by 1746 when Wm Sr.received 600 acres in Green Co.,now Warren Co. By 8 Oct 1754: Wm Raleigh Duke, Sr and sons, Wm Raleigh Duke,Jr. ,Samuel, John, and Joseph, all in the Granville Co. milita under the command of Col. Wm Eaton. Wm Raleigh Duke, Sr. was Col. by the time he came out of service.

This William Duke is William Raleigh Duke, son of Raleigh Duke. He is the one causing all the confusion.

James & Mary Duke had a son named William S. Duke, born 1701. William S. Duke is not William Raleigh Duke, Sr. & Col.

Brenda Reed
Jan. 10, 2005 
DUKE, William Raleigh (Col.) , Sr. (I3491)
1941 younger son. He acquired the lands of Camberton [Cammerton, Camerton] by a gift from his brother, Patrick, and his descendents were afterwards known by that surname.

DE CAMERTON, Alan (I10917)
1942 Youngest son. His family's attachment to the cause of insurgent barons under the Earl of Lancaster, led John eventually into the service of the Queen's party, where he was rewarded with the favour of Queen Isabella and the warm friendship of the young Prince Edward, to whose personal service he was attached.

Accompanied the Queen and the Prince during their sojourn on the Continent, where they sought the protection of Count William of Hainault, to whose daughter, Phillipa, the boy Prince was contracted by marriage.

In Sep 1325 Isabella landed with her son at Orwell in Suffolk, supported by a force of two thousand men, which the Count of Hainault had placed at her disposal. Edward II was deposed and Prince Edward proclaimed in his stead.

The following spring Sir John Radcliffe was despatched to Hainault, to conduct Phillippa to England for her marriage to Edward III, and to act as King's Proxy in the preliminaries concerning the marriage. As soon as Edward was firmly established on the throne, having proved his quality by his courage against the Scots in his first expedition of a military nature, the Queen-mother's star began to set. Queen Isabella was banished for the remainder of her life to the seclusion of Castle Rising.

During the next five years Sir John Radcliffe was engaged with the King against the Scots, and in 1337 was sent to Flanders to open negotiations for a treaty between the King and the Flemish trading cities, which were anxious to secure the support of the powerful Edward III against the King of France. For several years John Radcliffe remained in Flanders, rendering valiant service in counsel and in arms to Jacob van Artevelde and his associates in Ghent, Bruges, and Ypres. So much so, that when he was asked to name his reward he immediately requested that a number of the Flemish craftsmen should be permitted to return to England, there to teach their arts of manufacture to his own people. The request was readily granted, and he thereupon conducted these men and their families to England, settling them in Lancashire, of which county he had been appointed a Knight of the Shire in 1340.

In 1341 John Radcliffe acquired from John de Belshaw the latter's interest in the bailiwick of the serjeancy of Rochdale, 'with all its rights to be held of the chief lord of the fee by accustomed service'. The charter is dated at Whalley 18 Nov 1341, and was witnessed by Richard de Radcliffe, Robert de Radcliffe, John de Clitheroe, and Richard Fyshwycke, Clerk.

In 1346 Edward began the siege of the fortress of Calais, which finally capitulated on 4 Aug 1347. During this campaign Sir John Radcliffe was in constant attendance on the King, with a personal entourage of two knights, twelve esquires, and fourteen archers, and so nobly did he distinguish himself throughout the engagements, that the King granted him the right to use what has been described as the proudest family motto in all the nobility of England, the superscription 'Caen, Crecy, Calais', which has been borne by his lineal descendents from that time to the present day.

After the surrender of Calais Sir John returned to establish his possession of Ordsall manor, against Sir John Blount and the De Leghs, who had assumed the estate after the death of Sir Robert, his cousin. In the intervals of the lengthy litigation that challenged his occupation until 1359, when his rights in Ordsall lands were finally conceded, he busied himself with public duties, particularly in fostering the new industries his proteges from Flanders had introduced into the district.

Sir John married Joan de Holland, the daughter was Sir Robert Holland, the particular favourite of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and his foremost lieutenant. By her first husband, Sir Hugh Dutton, Joan Holland had a son, Sir Thomas Dutton, who was Seneschal and Receiver of the Castle of Halton in Cheshire, and Sheriff of Cheshire, 1356-59. One of his descendants was Sir Ralph Dutton, the prominent Royalist, and another was created Baron Sherborne of Sherborne in 1784. After the death of Sir John, Joan married a third husband in Sir Edmund or Thomas Talbot of Bashall.

The period of Sir John's settling at Ordsall was the time of the Black Death, and an interesting sidelight is thrown on his character when, at a time lands were going out of cultivation for want of labourers and many men were realising their properties and fleeing with their capital abroad, Sir John chose that time to forsake military distinction and apply himself to the illustrious but no less worthy duty of a landed proprietor, the stay of simple men and a helper of the distressed, ministering to the needs of his neighbours and assisting the prosperity of the commonwealt. There was a virulent outbreak of the pestilence in the winter of 1361. It lasted for nine months, and in the spring of 1362 Sir John Radcliffe died, a victim perhaps of the sickness that decimated his tenantry. The postmortem inquisition shows him holding Ordsall by knight's service and a rent of six shillings and eightpence, as well as lands in Flixton and elsewhere, including 40 acres in Salford held by knight's service and twenty shillings rent. The Ordsall estate is therein described as including a hall with 5 chambers, kitchen, chapel, 2 stables, 3 granges, 2 shippons, garner, dovecoat, orchard, a windmill, 80 acres of arable land, and 6 acres of meadow. Eight years before, the manor was described as 'a messuage, 120 acres of land, 12 acres of meadow, and 12 acres of wood'.

The manor of Moston was held by the Radcliffes of Ordsall until 1394, when Sir John of Ordsall, grandson of the original Sir John, gave his lands at Moston, presumably for life, to Henry Strangeways. After this Sir John's death in 1422, a dispute arose regarding the possession of Moston, and in 1425 a settlement was arrived at whereby his son and heir, another Sir John, was to hold the Moston lands for life, with the remainder to James, the son of Richard Radcliffe of Radcliffe. The estate remained in the possession of the Tower family until the death of their last heir without issue caused them to pass to the FitzWalter Radcliffes under settlement, and in 1543 Henry, Earl of Sussex, sold Moston Hall to John Reddish. The Ordsall family did, however, retain a portion of the lands in Moston, since Sir William Radcliffe is shown in possession of them at his death in 1568.

RADCLIFFE, Sir John of Ordsall (I10993)
1943 [Abstract] Inventory of the estate of HUGH MATTHEWS, Decd. of Southampton County, Virginia taken October 12, 1751.

2 chests, 3 beds with furniture, table, 5 chairs, couch, pair of steelyards, 2 guns, 2 iron pots, coat and hat, coat, some old clothes, Bible, lantern, box iron, some old stuff, more old stuff, pair of money scales, pint pot, stoneware, earth-enware, basket, 15 bottles, chaffing dish, wheel and cards, frying pan, woodenware, 2 caps, 2 shirts, cart and wheels, old brass, hand saw, 2 saddles, 2 axes, frow, pair of wedges, plow, 2 plowhoes, old iron, steel pray, howell, crosscut saw, 30 pounds of pewter, grindstone, 2 harrow hoes, 6 barrels, horse harness, currying knife, 2 hides, 13 barrels of corn, warp of 11 yards of cloth, 4 sides of leather, chain, pair of hinges, 25 pounds of wool, 11 sheep, 6 beehives, negro Jack, 4 sows, 16 shoats, and 24 hogs.

The estate of HUGH MATTHEWS is appraised at 72 pounds, 11 shillings, and 5 pence.

Newit (X) Drew
Timothy Thorp
James Jones
MATTHEWS, Hugh (I1144)
1944 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 14, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Collins, Josie
Birth date: Jun 1, 1907
Death date: Apr 1989
Social Security #: 258-20-5690
State of issue: GA 
JONES, Josie Christiana (I4595)
1945 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 14, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Collins, Lynwood
Birth date: Oct 22, 1904
Death date: Sep 1977
Social Security #: 255-09-9586
Last residence: GA 31201
State of issue: GA 
COLLINS, Lynwood (I4596)
1946 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 8, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Holsenbeck, Eula
Birth date: Nov 14, 1884
Death date: Dec 1973
Social Security #: 259-20-9584
Last residence: GA 31032
State of issue: GA 
LOWE, Eula (I4277)
1947 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 8, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Lowe, Allie
Birth date: Sep 12, 1883
Death date: Dec 1972
Social Security #: 257-82-2952
Last residence: GA 31032
State of issue: GA 
MALONE, Allie (I4213)
1948 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Hays, Guy
Birth date: May 30, 1904
Death date: Jun 1984
Social Security #: 254-18-0350
Last residence: GA 31032
State of issue: GA 
HAYS, Guy , Sr. (I4234)
1949 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Jackson, Ethel
Birth date: Nov 18, 1900
Death date: Dec 1974
Social Security #: 253-16-9565
Last residence: GA 31032
State of issue: GA 
LOWE, Ethel (I4287)
1950 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Lowe, Chester
Birth date: Dec 7, 1895
Death date: Jul 1978
Social Security #: 408-26-7407
Last residence: GA 31061
State of issue: TN
Zip of last payment: 31061 
LOWE, Chester Arthur (I4284)
1951 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Lowe, Helen
Birth date: Jan 30, 1913
Death date: Mar 11, 1989
Social Security #: 252-36-0160
State of issue: GA 
AUSTIN, Helen (I4324)
1952 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 1, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from A through L, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Emerson, Hugh
Birth date: Aug 2, 1900
Death date: Jul 1976
Social Security #: 262-03-4354
Last residence: FL 33139
State of issue: FL 
EMERSON, Hugh Page (I4548)
1953 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 8, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, William
Birth date: Sep 14, 1902
Death date: Dec 1984
Social Security #: 255-58-4903
Last residence: GA 31032
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, William Howard (I4469)
1954 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 8, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, William
Birth date: Mar 7, 1905
Death date: Jul 1959
Social Security #: 258-16-6280
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, William Franklin (I4670)
1955 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Wells, Joseph
Birth date: Jul 30, 1891
Death date: May 1974
Social Security #: 718-07-1109
Last residence: GA 31201
State of issue: RR 
WELLS, Joseph C. (I4425)
1956 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Mcmullan, Robert
Birth date: Jun 25, 1917
Death date: Sep 1970
Social Security #: 254-07-0029
Last residence: FL 32433
State of issue: GA 
MCMULLAN, Robert Wesley (I4628)
1957 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Oneal, Florene
Birth date: Jan 23, 1894
Death date: Aug 24, 1990
Social Security #: 260-16-6624
Last residence: 31210
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Pearl Florene (I4465)
1958 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Oneal, William
Birth date: Dec 9, 1919
Death date: Feb 1992
Social Security #: 257-09-5788
Last residence: 29405
State of issue: GA 
O'NEAL, William Luke (I4472)
1959 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Pinholster, Marian
Birth date: May 29, 1908
Death date: May 29, 1993
Social Security #: 259-46-3499
Last residence: 31404
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Marian (I4575)
1960 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Arthur
Birth date: Oct 6, 1895
Death date: May 1977
Social Security #: 255-24-5221
Last residence: GA 31201
State of issue: GA
Zip of last payment: 31208 
ROBERTS, Arthur Napoleon (I4466)
1961 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Charles
Birth date: Dec 17, 1906
Death date: Jul 26, 1988
Social Security #: 258-09-7785
Last residence: 31211
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Charles Yancey , Jr. (I4414)
1962 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Elton
Birth date: May 15, 1904
Death date: May 1982
Social Security #: 254-62-5643
Last residence: GA 30214
State of issue: GA

Twin of Ellison Roberts 
ROBERTS, Elton (I4530)
1963 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Elton
Birth date: Jun 24, 1904
Death date: May 1971
Social Security #: 260-20-0654
Last residence: GA 30477
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Elton Aldine (I4453)
1964 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Evelyn
Birth date: Apr 19, 1901
Death date: Mar 17, 1995
Social Security #: 259-18-1057
Last residence: 31204
State of issue: GA 
GOGGANS, Evelyn (I4645)
1965 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Hansel
Birth date: Sep 1, 1899
Death date: Nov 1976
Social Security #: 255-22-9885
Last residence: GA 31206
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Hansel Nicholas (I4519)
1966 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Inez
Birth date: Feb 17, 1901
Death date: Dec 7, 1994
Social Security #: 260-62-9385
Last residence: 31032
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Lula Inez (I4407)
1967 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Katie
Birth date: Aug 5, 1904
Death date: Oct 1974
Social Security #: 253-11-9049
Last residence: GA 31201
State of issue: GA 
JONES, Katie Lucile (I4660)
1968 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Osburn
Birth date: Oct 7, 1902
Death date: May 1984
Social Security #: 255-20-4891
Last residence: GA 31201
State of issue: GA 
ROBERTS, Osburn Jackson (I4659)
1969 [Brøderbund Family Archive #110, Vol. 2, Ed. 4, Social Security DeathIndex: U.S., Social Security Death Index, Surnames from M through Z, Dateof Import: Apr 9, 1997, Internal Ref. #]

Individual: Roberts, Velna
Birth date: Mar 16, 1902
Death date: Sep 1985
Social Security #: 254-52-1598
Last residence: GA 31032
State of issue: GA 
VINSON, Velna (I4415)
1970 [Brøderbund Family Archive #319, Ed. 1, Census Index: U.S. SelectedStates/Counties, 1870, Date of Import: Aug 16, 1998, Internal Ref.#1.319.1.20677.72]

Individual: Whitton, Cornelos
County/State: Jackson Co., AL
Location: Woodville P.O.
Page #: 224
Year: 1870

For the first name in this entry, the person who indexed the record wasuncertain about the transcription due to difficulties in deciphering theoriginal records.

Facts about this person:

Fact 1 1870
Lived In Woodville, Jackson Co., Al. 
WHITTON, Cornelious (I8123)
1971 [Daughter] MATTHEWS married SOLOMON STEVENSON, Sr., and apparently had died prior to Nov. 7, 1747. Her son "SOLOMON STEPHENSON, Jr." was bequeathed land on James Branch in the will of HUGH MATTHEWS.  MATTHEWS (I41331)
1972 [The following is taken from the paper "HANSON", written by the descendants of Adolphus D. and Nancy Denver Satterfield Hanson]

Jesse Hanson was a real pioneer. He and his wife Elizabeth Crawford Hanson remained in Fauquier Co., VA until 1795. At the age of 28, he moved his family to Georgia. We can assume they moved in a covered wagon as a part of a wagon train, as this was customary during this period. They were in Jackson Co., GA in 1798, owning 50 acres-situated on 'Wild Cat Creek.' In 1811 the family had moved on to Morgan Co., GA, and then, again, to Walton Co., GA in 1820. They are listed on the 1830 census in Fayette Co., GA His first wife, Elizabeth Crawford, died there in 1840.

Jesse Hanson married, secondly, to Mary Murphy in 1841, at the age of 74. In 1875, 23 years after Jesse's death, his second wife filed a widow's claim for a pension due her for her husband's service in the War of 1812. Her claim was rejected since a record of service was not found. But this was 63 years after the War of 1812, and during Reconstruction, when few Southern widows received pensions. On her application for pension, when she was 89 years old, she stated that she was "the widow of Jesse Hanson, who served in the War of 1812. He was a volunteer in Captain Butts' Company, Hoggs Regiment, in Morgan Co., GA, in the spring of 1812; and was honorably discharged in the fall of 1812. He was in the fights with the Indians; had to be out to keep the Indians from killing us. He drew a land warrant for his service in 1850 or 1851." The claim was rejected in 1877. No bounty land warrant, nor proof of his service, was found.

Fauquier County:
30 Dec 1806 James Henson md. Polly Dulin
1 Oct 1798 Caty Hinsen md. John Holder
25 May 1781 Ann Hinson md. Matthew Conner(Corner) (20 July 1788?)
11 July 1794 Cathrine Hinson md. John Blackwell
17 Sept 1771 George Hinson md Susanna Settle
3 Feb 1786 Haney Hinson md. Martin Dye
30 Sept 1797 James Hinson md. Patty Hume
18 Jan 1786 James hinson md. Ann Quisenberry
28 Nov 1787 Jesse Hinson md. Elizabeth Crawford
19 Apr 1787 Jesse Hinson s/o Robert md. Mary Sullivan
18 Dec 1793 Margaret Hinson md. Presley Garner
1 Dec 1796 Susanna Hinson md. John Wise
11 July 1792 Tapley Hinson md. Elizabeth Holder
5 June 1802 Robert Henson md. Polly Rose(widow)
28 Aug 1808 Charles Henson md. Mary Jefferson

The book "1805 Georgia Land Lottery" transcribed and indexed by Virginia S. Wood and Ralph V. Wood, Greenwood Press, 1964, shows that Jesse and John Henson recieved, respectively, lots 238 and 254 in Clarke Co., GA
HINSON, Jesse SR. (I7435)
1973 • ARRIVAL: 1 MAR 1912 San Francisco, California aboard "Steam Ship China"
• ARRIVAL: 3 AUG 1921 Vancouver, Washington aboard "Empress of Japan"
• ARRIVAL: 3 SEP 1928 San Francisco, California aboard “SS Taiyo Maru”
• Residence: 1930 Wake Forest, Wake, North Carolina
HOLLOWAY, Flora (I14899)
1974 • ARRIVAL: 1 MAR 1912 San Francisco, California aboard "Steam Ship China"
• ARRIVAL: 3 AUG 1921 Vancouver, Washington aboard "Empress of Japan"
• ARRIVAL: 3 SEP 1928 San Francisco, California aboard “SS Taiyo Maru”
• Residence: 1930 Wake Forest, Wake, North Carolina
BOSTICK, Oreon H (I13497)
1975 • ARRIVAL: 1 MAR 1912 San Francisco, California aboard "Steam Ship China"
• ARRIVAL: 3 AUG 1921 Vancouver, Washington aboard "Empress of Japan"
• ARRIVAL: 29 APR 1929 Los Angeles, California aboard "Tenyo Maru"
• ARRIVAL: 13 NOV 1935 Seattle, Washington aboard "President McKinley"
• Residence: 1930 Wake Forest, Wake, North Carolina
BOSTICK, Wade Dobbins (I13745)
1976 • ARRIVAL: 1 MAR 1912 San Francisco, California aboard "Steam Ship China"
• ARRIVAL: 3 AUG 1921 Vancouver, Washington aboard "Empress of Japan"
• Residence: 1930 Wake Forest, Wake, North Carolina  
BOSTICK, Wade Huntsman (I13496)

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